To attract learners to HEIs, quality teaching is imperative. Currently, colleges and universities across the country are short on faculty. India needs 3.3 million more teachers in HEIs to improve the teacher-student ratio, from 1:28 to an ideal 1:15
According to the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20, the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher or tertiary education increased to 27.1% (38.5 million), from 26.3% (37.4 million) in the preceding year.
This indicates that the remaining 72.9% of the population in the 18-23 age group is not enrolled in higher education institutions (HEIs). The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 sets the target of 50% GER by 2035.
To achieve this target, GER is required to grow at 3.53% per annum. The target is attainable given that the compounded growth rate of GER between 2011-12 and 2019-20 was 3.58%. However, it requires a multipronged, multi-tiered strategy.
In 2018-19, the net enrolment ratio at higher secondary level was only 30.8%, with 69.2% of the population in that age group being kept out of school. This limits the possibility of an increase in HEI.